Recent seismic events can be considered unusual from many points of view: the wide affected area by the triple earthquake sequence; the relevant number of lives lost; the important damage to the architectural heritage which characterize these places; the limited results obtained by the application of technique laws. These aspects favored an awareness of the difficulty of reconciling the various issues at various scales affecting the smaller towns and the architectural heritage which constitutes them: the conservation of the specific cultural identity of the centers; the use according to the modern performance profiles, and finally the people safety. Important movements, perhaps not only temporary, of populations of urban centers of historical and dimensional importance, mark the next possible abandonment of entire areas of our country and encourage people to interrogate about the actions to be performed from a political, cultural, economic and technical point of view to avoid losing not only the unique cultural identities of these places, but also the ability of “defence of these internal territories”, in economic and ecological terms, provided by communities of these places.
To maintain these villages and the surroundings means to ensure a model of development based on the quality of the places, on a mix of “roots” and contemporary attitude to interpret the change between digital and immaterial dimension that can give a new meaning to the ancient sites. Italy and its small towns, even more of the historical and artistic sites, are an important heritage, also for tourism and consequently economically for our country, to be safeguarded even for their evident fragilties.
Is it possible to ensure adequate security in these centers or should be implemented a program of demolition and reconstruction, as provocatively suggested?
Is it possible to develop and refine a system of knowledge which is evolved and it is careful to the “case by case” approach in respect to approximated methodologies, as result of different inapplicable models to the reality which showed unacceptable limits?
Is it necessary to follow the ipertechnicalization of natural and local settlement systems, which often turns out to be not very effective also from a strictly technical point of view, or is it possible to refine the “intrinsic” safety factors of a masonry construction, even recognizing that the absolute safety is an unrealistic goal, or so expensive as to be impractical?
How to create a communication between unaware supporters of the pure and simple conservation and technologists unaware of the systemic impact of any new laboratory, both incapable of a scientific reflection on the disastrous consequences of their attitudes?
How to reconcile “technical” brought by hard sciences with the “values” brought by the human, social, historical sciences?
Find a new way to create a system between several points of view (all indispensable, non exhaustive) is the hard but unavoidable task which is proposed for the future.
The aim of the conference is to be an occasion of reflection, where coexist theoretical and practical issues, considering the speculative implications, engineering and business, in order to give back a consistent approach to the issue through proper protection, use and enhancement of the built heritage.
COLLOQUIATE 2017 is in continuity with previous editions 2014 (Vico Equense), 2015 (Bologna), 2016 (Matera) also in order to point out the subject of the research associated with the ICAR 10 sector in relation both to the relevant areas of discipline and to the demands of the actual society, in terms of needs, exploitation of resources, the development’s dynamics associated with technical innovation.